Thursday, January 10, 2008

30. ANALYZED Common Errors in English

Oops, I think I do still "LOTS" of mistakes, but I´m an ESL-Student and...,..and nonetheless, I think that´s just a good way to learn from other people´s typical grammar mistakes.

Recognize YOUR mistakes:

Common Grammatical Errors

Accurately described incorrect/correct sample sentences
Accurately described incorrect/correct sample sentences

Common Errors In English Usage
Compared definitions based on error-prone word pairs
With search engine
Scroll down on this page !

University of Kentucky
Prof. Robert Tannenbaum´s very useful hints

Hit Parade of Errors, University of Toronto

Oxford´s Classic Errors

Jack Lynch´s Grammar and Style Notes

English Language Institute

Karen´s Linguistics Issues

J. Hodges

Language Error Analysis (interactive)
Click on Student Writing 1 - 7

List of commonly misused English language phrases
Accurately described incorrect/correct sample sentences

Garbl´s Editorial Style Manual

More ?, Go to the GRAMMAR section.

Saturday, January 5, 2008

29. Grammar (Who needs more ?)

Complete English Grammar - You don´t need more

Capital Community
College Foundation

(Nonprofit Organisation)

Grammar Index:

The Tongue Untied !

Hyper Grammar
University of Ottawa

Guide To Grammar And Style
Rutgers, State University of New Jersey
Grammar Index

Online Writing Lab
Grammar Index

Online Englisch Grammar

A Friendly Grammar of Englisch

Finnish Virtual University

Literacy Education Online

Grammar Monster


The American Heritage® Book of English Usage

The Internet Grammar of English

Big Dog´s Grammar

English at home

ESL Introduction

ESL BEE (Writing)

Michael Harvey´s
The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing

28. Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verbs are verbs + particle (adverb or "preposition") with idiomatic expression.

Prepositions: see LINK

Introduction about separable and inseparable

phrasal verbs and idiomatic expressions
continue on the bottom

Another Introduction about separable and inseparable
phrasal verbs and idiomatic expressions
continue on the bottom

Verb and Preposition "Dictionary"
Preposition and Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verb VIDEO Dictionary (weird)

A lot of Phrasals

"Phrasalverbdemon" phrasalverbs

Friday, January 4, 2008

27. Idioms [+ Proverbs)

English Idioms And Quizzes

Wordpower A - Z Category

Learn English Today

The Free Dictionary, use the browse feature
(scroll down)

Using English

Idioms with pictures

Anna says:
Idioms and Phrasals are just a good way to learn a foreign LANGUAGE. There are certain differences between Idioms and Phrasal verbs. It´s easy to understand: Idioms are expressions which have a meaning that´s not (so) obvious from the individual words (of the "idiomatic expression" - THE "Idiom"). The single words have combined their "own" meaning. Phrasal verbs are verbs that consist of a verb and a particle (Prepositions, Adverbs), and they are partly separable and are following the tense patterns. What´s the best way to learn idioms ?. Use the given context and give the literal meaning of the single words as compound a new figurative context-related meaning, a new connotation. But take care, if you don´t know the literal (or even additional figurative) meanings of the single words which "merged to the idiom", then you´re in trouble as ESL-Student. You´d be screwed because there´s always an at least slight connection between the denotation of the single words and the connotation of the idiom. If you´re learning some new Idiom, and you see new words do some lookups and learn ALL the literal and figurative meanings of the single words too. BTW, Idioms are not that bad, they are "just Units" with own meaning and most of the idioms are fixed in their form.

26. ESL Podcasts + Academic Podcasts

Aj Hodge´s Effortless English Club
With free transcripts
Or enter his site via:

EnglishPOD - 4 ESL Levels (Good Job !)
(Huge archive, tagged topics)

Directory of Colleges and Universities
with Itunes sites:

25. Some Dictionaries With Specific Topics Synonyms Britspeak AE-BE|BE-AE "All your base are belong to us" Phonetics Wordinfo Etymology Interesting browsing-features Pronunciation Dictionary

You think you know "a certain word", or you´ve heard one somewhere but you have no idea about the rihgt spelling ?, that´s why you can´t find any entries in dictionaries ?, Go there, do the spell check with your similar misspelled word and find so "your" correct spelled word:
(Great Performance)

If you want to find some special slang expression or such idioms go to Google and do some lookups there. Maybe you have to disable SafeSearch. You could search for urbandictionary for example, or just double-click on: urbandictionary

Chat with a robot (Loebner Prize Winner)

24. Un/Countable Nouns + More about it

Some common uncountable nouns and some nouns that can be either countable or uncountable:


ADJECTIVES with un/countable nouns

Center for Communication Practices

The Writing Center
(scroll down)

The University of Texas at Austin

Some Common Uncountable Nouns:

accuracy darkness fun inferiority admiration economics furniture information advice efficiency garbage integration aggression electricity generosity intelligence air enjoyment gravity irritability assistance entertainment happiness isolation behavior estimation health junk boredom equipment heat justice bravery evidence help knowledge chemistry evolution homework laughter clothing excitement honesty leisure comprehension fame ignorance literature courage foolishness immigration luck luggage peace recreation stuff machinery permission relaxation superiority mail physics reliability survival math poetry research tolerance merchandise pollution sadness traffic money poverty safety transportation music pride scenery trouble news productivity shopping violence nonsense progress significance water oxygen propaganda slang wealth participation psychology snow weather pay rain status wisdom

Some Nouns that can be either Countable
or Uncountable :

abuse drama jail reading adulthood duck jealousy religion afternoon education language revision age environment law rock anger evening liberty science appearance exercise life school art fact love shock beauty faith lunch society beer fear man sorrow belief fiction marriage space breakfast film meat speech cheese fish metal spirit chicken flavor milk stone childhood food morning strength cloth freedom murder surprise college friendship nature teaching commitment fruit paper temptation competition glass passion theater concern government people theory crime hair personality time culture hatred philosophy tradition death history pleasure trouble desire home power truth dinner hope prejudice turkey disappointment ideology pressure understanding discrimination imagination prison weakness disease injustice punishment wine divorce innocence race writing

Thursday, January 3, 2008

23. Homophones/Homographs +More

Homophones (words that sound alike but differ in spelling and meaning), are just a great chance for ESL-Students to pick up those groups of side by side arranged words from scratch. That´s a huge advantage unlike native speakers who learn these words divided and by listening. So take the chance. You´ll also learn the pronunciation of new words by recognizing their consonance, and with it you´ll get a better "feeling" for the "burden" of English pronunciation :-). There are a lot of similar pronounced words with small but important differences as well, but that´s another challenge. For the contentious term "Homonym" go to, it pays.

An English HomophonesDictionary
(scroll down)

Homophones AND confused words

With sample sentences, partly with audio


Alan Cooper´s Homonyms with definitions

About 300 Homophones

Plain List
Plain List

Plain List

Homographs + Heteronyms
A Homograph is a word that has the same spelling (look alike) as another word but with a different meaning
(Heteronyms are Homographs with different pronunciation)

Huge Heteronym Directory + Pronunciaton

List of selected English Homographs + samples

The Heteronym Page with Pronunciation

Prof. Sally Kuhlenschmidt´s Collection
Homographs in the same sentence.
! "He said that he ate jam in a traffic jam" ;-)

That´s a very interesting approach to the topic:
Homographic concordances and collocations

Version 1
Version 2

Semantics: Homographs

Antagonyms (Words with opposite meanings)

Needless repetitions as "overused cliché" ?


Interesting Spies

? More like that:
> From the author so-called: Past "Tenses":
>Past Simple I went
>Past Emphatic I did go
>Past progressive I was going
>Past Perfect I had gone
>Past Perfect Progressive I had been going

Past Necessitive I had to go
Past Usitative I used to go
Past Intentional I was going to go
Past Potential I might have gone
Past Potential Progressive I might have been going
Past Potential Necessitive I might have had to go
Past Potential Intentional I might have been going to go
Past Perfect Intentional I had been going to go
Past Perfect Necessitive I had had to go
Past Usitative Necessitive I used to have to go
Past Habilitative I could go
Past Contrahabilitative I could have gone
Past Conditional I would go
Past Contraconditional I would have gone

22. Reading - Free ebooks + More

Gutenberg Project


Free Online Library

World Wide School Library

The Online Books Page


21. For AMBITIOUS ESL-Students (4)

Compare the different English speech accents.
That´s a very scientific approach. Audio + Text.
Browse by atlas/regions

Georg Mason University
The Speech Accent Archive, Huge Database

The Audio Archive, Audio/Text

Answer These Questions. NOW !

Sentence Diagrams

20. "Daily" ESL - Video - Podcast

(Was a ?) "Daily" ESL - Video - Podcast
Mostly with FREE transcripts !, and exercises.
Video - Podcasts archived !
Very useful and entertaining as well

That´s Sarah.

Looks like a felon ?

At the identity parade ?

No, she´s the host.

via Youtube
You´ll find the transcripts also on the youtube page next to the player
click on -> "About this Video" or click on -> "more"

Transcript Archive:
(Most of the Videopodcasts have transcripts + short exercises)


19. ESL Podcasts (3)

The Bardwell Road Centre Podcast

For English language students, by English language
students at St Clare's, Oxford
("International English" Authentic Speech,

18. ESL Podcasts + F R E E transcripts

ESL Aloud with transcript

5 ESL Categories with transcript

English through stories with transcript

Several ESL levels with stranscript

Funny with transcript and exercises

"Breaking News" with transcript

China 232 - with study guide

Better at English (Video) with transcript

17. Affixes

It-e-m-ize and Re-cogn-ize
[go-out of/action] + [again-know/action]

Prefixes, Roots, Suffixes:

Prefixes and Suffixes:

English Prefixes & Combining Forms:

(scroll down)

Affixes Introduction
(Scroll down and then back and read !)

Prefixes and suffixes in categories:

Wednesday, January 2, 2008

16. Don´t miss this !

Corey Arnold´s
challenge in Alaska.
Awesome Story !

Reading Lesson (
Contemporary English) ;-)
(And lots of useful idioms, phrasals and STUNNING pictures)

15. Prepositions

Prepositions (Very useful)

Preposition Introduction A Must Read !

About Prepositions

Problematic Prepositions


OWL Prepositions of direction

Simple Prepositions

Simple Prepositions

14. For AMBITIOUS ESL-Students only (3)

Don´t hesitate, GO THERE and read and grasp this. Listening Comprehension and Note-Taking
University of Hertfordshire

13. Listening Comprehension (1) Audio/Script

Listening + transcript + quiz

Interactive Listening Activities
University of Illinois

Listening + transcript

Listening + transcript

Listening + transcript

Listening + transcript

Listening and Reading

Listening + quiz

Listening + quiz

Listening + quiz

Listening + quiz

Listening + quiz



Reader´s Digest

12. Pronunciation (2) (audio-visual)

BAD Pronunciation ????

Ready to bear the
consequences ??

Pronunciation with instant sound
(mouse over)

SPOKEN English grammar

"Minimal Pairs" - simply mouse over to hear

"Minimal Pairs" - Practice & Quizzes

Pronunciation (1) - Video/Audio

Tuesday, January 1, 2008

11. For AMBITIOUS ESL-Students (2)

Tip for ambitious ESL-Students who are looking for collocations or concordances to improve their "English" or to do some lookups by using a text related context.

For each word, the most significant words appearing
  1. as immediate left neighbor
  2. as immediate right neighbor
  3. anywhere within the same sentence
are given.

There is also a free download version (mSQL)

Do some lookups at The Collins Wordbanks Online English corpus. It is composed of 56 million words of contemporary written and spoken text. Check up some word, idiom or phrasal verb in rhetorical contexts. Notice the settings !. Take your time.

BNC British National Corpus (100 million words)
BNC Information about multiple word queries:

Webster (1913)
Notice the query syntax

Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English
Site is sometimes temporarily shut down