Unpronounced or unstressed silent letters are one of the obstacles ESL students are really afraid of. There are mostly no rules for. I´ve selected lots of them from different sources. Take care ! they are chosen for American English. Most of them are correct in British English too, but there are many exceptions.
V I E W the Silent Letters on http://esl-files.blogspot.com/
Download the - Silent Letters - as pdf file (52 KB)
Selected words with silent/unstressed letters V.03 (Focus AE)
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Download via scribed.com
____________________________________________________________________Spelling trouble ?, Silent letters in word endings ?
- iz or - ize ?
There aren´t any words ending in "English" with - iz besides some names and "quiz", "biz", "viz" and "wiz"..
It is always spelled - ize and never - iz !
- iv or - ive ?
There aren´t any words ending in "English" with - iv besides some names and "spiv".
It is always spelled - ive and never - iv !
(And I wasn´t able to find ONE adjective that ends with - bel, it´s always - ble, beside constructions like "label strips" or "own-label")
Spelling trouble with silent letters in word endings + adverb suffixes ?
There´s a simple rule until you achieve enough proficiency to know all those words:
? Which one is right spelled:
Immediatly or Immediatley or Immediately ?
The ending ..TELY follows always a vowel
Consonant -> TLY
Vowel -> TELY (ately, etely, itely, otely, utely)
So, is there a vowel before t then
a vowels follows the t - tely
Exceptions: Explicitly, Implicitly, Illicitly, Tacitly, Flatly, Hotly, Greatly, Neatly, Discreetly, Quietly, Secretly, Sweetly, Wetly, Adroitly, Devoutly, Stoutly, Tautly
Is there a consonant before t then
a consonant (L) follows the t - tlyException: Chastely
You can find 4,900,000 Google entries with the wrong spelled word "immediatly" with omitted e and 246,000,000 right spelled entries for immediately.
And funny, you can find 725,000 entries with "immediatley"